optical fiber is a thin, cylindrical fiber made of glass or plasticthat is that is as small as one tenth of human hair. A standard telecom optical fiber comprises three layers of cylindrical shape, arranged in the inside: fiber core (diameter 8~10um) and cladding (diameter of 125um) as well as buffer layer (diameter 900um).
The fiber core and cladding are made of glass or silica. The fiber core and the layers of cladding combine to contain the light inside the core, without leaking. The fiber buffer coating is constructed out of plastic or acrylic, and gives handling flexibility and physical protection for the fiber.
Optical fibers utilize an optical phenomenon known as total internal reflection. When light is introduced into the fiber from its one end, it’s kept inside the core without spilling out and wasting its energy.
Then, light is digitally modified to show 1 and 0 , just like a computer, so data can be transmitted from one place to another one, which could be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What are fiber optic connectors and how do they function?
Now you know how optical fibers work. So what exactly is the fiber optic connector? And what’s the purpose of the fiber optic telecommunications network?
Simply put A fiber optic connector’s function is similar to an electric power supply, it is used to connect light in one section of optical fiber with a different section of optical fiber.
Since optical fibers are small that fiber optic connectors need to be made with high precision, and تركيب الياف stc at a size to 0.1um that is just one centimeter of the human hair.
Fiber optic connectors align two fibers end to end so precisely that light can travel from one fiber into another without being bounced off of the interface , and thus losing its signal.
Besides the fact that fiber optic connectors offer cross connect flexibility for the telecommunication network. Thus, a complex computer network could be made modular and manageable.
Just like any other connectors used in electronic industry, electric industry, or the computer industry, a variety of kinds connected to fiber optic cables were developed along the development of fiber optic communication industry. Certain types were once highly popular in the market and now have served their purposes and are fading away.
The most well-known fiber optic connectors that are used today include SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few of other less popular ones. You will surely see new connectors developed with the progress of this industry.