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How do fiber optic connectors function?, The story of fiber optic telecommunication deserves an entire book, because it took several generations before the industry was established that we have today.

Optic fiber is a thin, cylindrical fiber made of plastic or glass, as tiny as one tenth of the human hair. A typical optical fiber for telecom comprises three layers that are counted from the inside out: fiber core (diameter 8x10um) as well as cladding (diameter of 125um) and buffer coating (diameter 900um).

Fiber core and cladding are made of glass or silica. The fiber core and the cladding layers work together to confine the light within the core, without losing. The fiber buffer coating is constructed from acrylic or plastic and provides handling flexibility and physical protection for the fiber.

Optical fibers utilize an optical phenomenon known as internal reflection. When light is in the fiber from the one end, it’s kept inside the core without leaking outside and wasting its energy.

Then light is digitally modulated to indicate the numbers 1 and 0 like a computer, and data can be transmitted from one place to another site which may be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.

What is a fiber optic connector and how do they work?

Now you know how optical fibers operate. So what is a fiber optic connector and what’s the purpose of the fiber optic telecommunications network?

In simple terms A fiber optic connector’s purpose is similar to an electric power source, it relies on light to transmit from one section of optical fiber to a different section that is optical.

Because optical fibers are small that fiber optic connectors need to be made with high precision, at the size that is 0.1um that is just one centimeter of the human hair.

Fiber optic connectors align two fibers from end to end in a way that light can move from one fiber to another without bouncing off the interface and loss its signal.

In addition, fiber optic connectors provide cross connect flexibility for the telecommunication network. Therefore, a computer network that is complex can be modularized and simple to manage.

Like other connectors that are used in electronic industry, electric industry, or computer industry, numerous types and types of connectors for fiber optics were invented along the development of fiber optic communication. Some of them once were extremely popular in the field but have now served their purposes and are disappearing.

The most well-known fiber optic connectors in use today comprise SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few other less popular ones. There are certain to be new connectors invented with the progress of this industry.

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