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How Do Fiber Optic Connectors function?, The story of fiber optic telecommunication deserves a book by itself since it took several generations to reach the state of the art that we have today.

optical fiber is a thin, cylindrical fiber made of glass or plasticthat is as tiny as one tenth of a human hair. The standard optical fiber in telecom is composed of three layers that are counted inside out: fiber core (diameter 8x10um) and cladding (diameter of 125um) along with buffer coating (diameter 900um).

Fiber core and cladding is made from glass or silica. Fiber Core and cladding layers combine to contain the light inside the core and prevent it from leaking. The fiber buffer coating is constructed out of plastic or acrylic, and provides handling flexibility and physical protection for the fiber.

Optical fibers utilize an optical phenomenon known as total internal reflection. When light is introduced into the fiber from its one end, it’s confined inside the core not leaking out and wasting its energy.

Then, light is digitally modulated to indicate the numbers 1 and 0 like a computer, so information can be transferred from one site to another one, which could be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.

What are fiber optic connectors ? And how do they work?

Now you understand how optical fibers operate. So what exactly is the fiber optic connector? And what’s its function in the fiber optic network of telecommunications?

Simply put, a fiber optic connector’s job is similar to an electric power source It connects light from one segment that is optical to another segment that is optical.

Since optical fibers are small they require fiber optic connectors to be constructed with high precision, at the size of 0.1um, which equals one hundredth a human hair.

Fiber optic connectors are positioned to align two fibers end to end in a way that light can be transferred from one fiber to another without bounce off the interface , and thus losing its signal.

Additionally fiber optic connectors, they provide cross-connect flexibility to the telecommunications network. So a complicated computer network could be made modular and manageable.

Similar to other connectors used in electric industry, electronic industry, and computer industry, many different types connected to fiber optic cables were invented along the development of fiber optic communication. Certain types were once very popular in the industry and now have served their purpose and are fading away.

The most well-known fiber optic connectors in use today are SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few others that are less well-known. Sure you will see new connectors being developed as a result of the development of the industry.