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How Do Fiber Optic Connectors Work?,The history of fiber optic communications is an entire book, as it took a number of generations to reach the state of the art that we have today.

Optic fiber is a thin cylindrical fiber that is made of glass or plastic, that is as small as one tenth of a human hair. The standard optical fiber in telecom comprises three cylindrical layers, counted from the inside out the fiber core (diameter 8x10um) and cladding (diameter of 125um) and buffer coating (diameter 900um).

The fiber core and cladding are made from glass or silica. Fiber Core and cladding layers are used to keep the light inside the core without leaking. Fiber buffer coating is created out of plastic or acrylic, and gives handling flexibility and physical protection for the fiber.

Optic fibers make use of an optical phenomenon known as total internal reflection. When light is injected into the fiber from end face, it is confined inside the core not leaking out and wasting its energy.

Then, light is digitally modified to indicate 1 and 0 , just like a computer, and data can be transmitted from one place to another one, which could be from San Francisco all the way to New York.

What are fiber optic connectors ? And how do they work?

Now you understand the way optical fibers function. What is an optical connector and ( what is its purpose in the fiber optic telecommunications network?

Simply put The fiber optic connector’s job is similar to an electric power source, it relies on light to transmit from one section of optical fiber with another section that is optical.

Since optical fibers are tiny they require fiber optic connectors to be constructed with high precision, with a scale that is 0.1um that is just one centimeter of a human hair.

Fiber optic connectors are positioned to align two fibers from one end to the other in a way that light can travel from one fiber into another without bouncing off the interface , and thus losing its signal.

In addition fiber optic connectors, they provide cross-connect flexibility to the telecommunication network. Therefore, a computer network that is complex could be made modular and simple to manage.

Like other connectors that are used in electric industry, electronic industry and computer industry, numerous kinds of fiber optic connectors were developed during the evolution of the fiber optic communication industry. Certain types were once very popular in the industry and now have served their purposes and are fading away.

The most widely used fiber optic connectors used nowadays comprise SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA as well as a few others that are less well-known. Sure you will see new connectors invented with the advancement of technology.