Optical fiber is a long thin cylindrical fiber that is made of plastic or glass, that is as small as one tenth of human hair. A standard telecom optical fiber is made up of three layers that are counted from the inside out as fiber core (diameter 8x10um) as well as cladding (diameter 125um) along with buffer coating (diameter 900um).
Fiber core and Lsg3.nlm.nih.gov/fdse/search/search.pl?Match=0&Realm=All&Terms=http://22.214.171.124/site-7817.html cladding are made from glass or silica. The fiber core and the cladding layers work together to confine the light within the core, without leakage. Fiber buffer coating is made from acrylic or plastic and offers handling flexibility as well as physical protection to the fiber.
Optic fibers make use of an optical phenomenon known as internal reflection. When light is introduced into the fiber from its end face, it is contained within the core, not leaking out and losing energy.
Then, light is digitally modified to represent 1 and 0 just like a computer, and information can be carried from one location to another one, which could be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What are fiber optic connectors ? And what do they do?
Now you understand the way optical fibers function. So what exactly is an optical connector and what’s the purpose of a fiber optic telecommunication network?
Simply put The fiber optic connector’s job is just like an electric power plug that connects light from one part of optical fiber with another section that is optical.
Since optical fibers are so tiny that fiber optic connectors need to be made with high precision, and at a scale to 0.1um, which equals one hundredth the human hair.
Fiber optic connectors connect two fibers from end to end so precisely that light can be transferred from one fiber to another without bouncing off the interface and loss its signal.
Additionally fiber optic connectors, they provide cross-connect flexibility to the telecommunication network. Thus, a complex computer network could be made modular and manageable.
Like other connectors utilized in the electronic industry, electric industry, and computer industry, many different kinds of fiber optic connectors were created along the development of fiber optic communication industry. Certain of them were extremely popular in the field and now have been used for a variety of purposes, but are now disappearing.
The most popular fiber optic connectors used nowadays comprise SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few of others that are less well-known. You will surely see new connectors invented with the progress of this industry.