Optic fiber is a thin, cylindrical fiber made of plastic or glass, as tiny as one tenth of the human hair. A standard telecom optical fiber comprises three layers of cylindrical shape, arranged from the inside out: fiber core (diameter 8x10um) as well as cladding (diameter of 125um) as well as buffer layer (diameter 90um).
Fiber core and cladding are composed of silica or glass. The fiber core and the cladding layers combine to contain the light inside the core without leaking. The fiber buffer coating is constructed out of plastic or acrylic, and gives handling flexibility and physical protection to the fiber.
Fiber optics employ an optical phenomenon called total internal reflection. When light is in the fiber from the end face, it is kept inside the core without spilling out and losing its energy.
Then light is digitally modulated to indicate 1 and 0 just like a computer, so data can be transmitted from one location to another, which could be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What is a fiber optic connector and what do they do?
Now you understand the way optical fibers function. What is the fiber optic connector? And what is its purpose in the fiber optic network of telecommunications?
Simply put The fiber optic connector’s job is similar to that of an electric power source that relies on light to transmit from one segment that is optical to another section of optical fiber.
Since optical fibers are so tiny, Ly.ly/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=iraq10.com%2Fsite-8956.html [http://wayway.cf/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=ly.ly%2F__media__%2Fjs%2Fnetsoltrademark.php%3Fd%3Diraq10.com%252Fsite-8956.html] fiber optic connectors have to be constructed with high precision, at the scale to 0.1um that is just one centimeter of a human hair.
Fiber optic connectors align two fibers from one end to the other to ensure that light is able to travel from one fiber into another without bouncing off the interface , and thus losing its signal.
In addition the fact that fiber optic connectors offer cross connect flexibility for the telecommunication network. Thus, a complex computer network can be modularized and manageable.
Similar to other connectors utilized in the electronic industry, the electric industry and computer industry, numerous types and types of connectors for fiber optics were developed during the evolution of the fiber optic communication industry. Some of them once were very popular in the industry but have now served their purpose and are becoming obsolete.
The most well-known fiber optic connectors that are used today include SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few others that are less well-known. There are certain to be new connectors being developed as a result of the progress of this industry.