optical fiber is a thin cylindrical fiber that is made of plastic or glass, smaller than one tenth of human hair. The standard optical fiber in telecom is made up of three layers that are counted from the inside out the fiber core (diameter 8~10um) and the cladding (diameter 130um) and buffer coating (diameter 9000um).
Fiber core and cladding is composed of silica or glass. The fiber core and the cladding layers are used to keep the light inside the core and prevent it from leaking. Fiber buffer coating is created from acrylic or plastic and gives handling flexibility and physical protection to the fiber.
Fiber optics employ an optical phenomenon called total internal reflection. When light is in the fiber from the the end, it becomes confined inside the core without spilling out and losing energy.
Then, light is digitally modulated to represent 1 and 0 , just like a computer, and information can be carried from one location to another one, which could be from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What is a fiber optic connector and how do they work?
You now know how optical fibers operate. So what exactly is an optical connector and what’s the purpose of a fiber optic telecommunication network?
Put it simple A fiber optic connector’s function is similar to an electric power source, it is used to connect light in one segment of optical fiber with a different section that is optical.
Because optical fibers are small that fiber optic connectors need to be constructed with high precision, at the size to 0.1um, which equals one hundredth the human hair.
Fiber optic connectors connect two fibers from one end to the other so precisely that light can be transferred from one fiber to another without being bounced off of the connector and losing its signal.
In addition, Washingtoncollege-of-law.college/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.dalili.tk%2Fsite-7817.html fiber optic connectors provide cross connect flexibility for the telecommunications network. Therefore, a computer network that is complex could be made modular and easy to manage.
Just like any other connectors utilized in the electric industry, electronic industry, or the computer industry, a variety of types connected to fiber optic cables were developed along the development of fiber optic communication industry. Certain of them were highly popular in the market and now have served their purpose and are disappearing.
The most popular fiber optic connectors in use today are SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and a few of other less popular ones. Sure you will see new connectors invented with the development of the industry.