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What is the way that fiber optic connectors work? The history of fiber optic telecommunication deserves an entire book on its own as it took a number of generations to reach the state of the art that we have today.

optical fiber is a thin cylindrical fiber that is made of glass or plasticthat is as tiny as one tenth of the human hair. A standard telecom optical fiber comprises three layers that are counted in the inside: fiber core (diameter 8~10um) as well as cladding (diameter of 125um) and buffer coating (diameter 90um).

Fiber core and cladding is made from glass or silica. The fiber core and the layers of cladding work together to confine the light inside the core and prevent it from leaking. The fiber buffer coating is constructed of plastic or acrylic and offers handling flexibility as well as physical protection to the fiber.

Fiber optics employ an optical phenomenon called total internal reflection. When light is introduced into the fiber from its one end, it’s contained within the core, not leaking out and losing its energy.

Then light is digitally modulated to indicate the numbers 1 and 0 like a computer, and information can be transferred from one place to another, which could be located from San Francisco all the way to New York.

What is a fiber optic connector and how do they function?

Now you know the way optical fibers function. What is an optical connector and what’s its function in a fiber optic telecommunication network?

Simply put A fiber optic connector’s job is just like an electric power source, it connects light from one part of optical fiber with another segment that is optical.

Since optical fibers are small that fiber optic connectors need to be made with high precision, and at a scale that is 0.1um, which equals one hundredth the human hair.

Fiber optic connectors connect two fibers end to end in a way that light can move from one fiber to another without being bounced off of the connector and losing its signal.

In addition fiber optic connectors, they provide cross connect flexibility to the telecommunication network. So a complicated computer network could be made modular and simple to manage.

Like other connectors utilized in the electronic industry, electric industry, or computer industry, many different types of fiber optic connectors were created along the development of fiber optic communication. Certain types were once highly popular in the market but have now been used for a variety of purposes, but are now becoming obsolete.

The most widely used fiber optic connectors in use today are SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA as well as a few other less popular ones. Sure you will see new connectors developed with the development of the industry.

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