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How Do Fiber Optic Connectors work? The history of fiber optic telecommunication deserves a book by itself since it took several generations before the industry was established today.

optical fiber is a thin cylindrical fiber that is made of glass or plasticthat is that is as small as one tenth of human hair. A standard telecom optical fiber comprises three layers that are counted inside out: fiber core (diameter 8~10um), cladding (diameter 125um) as well as buffer layer (diameter 900um).

Fiber core and cladding are made of glass or silica. Fiber Core and layers of cladding are used to keep the light within the core without losing. The fiber buffer coating is constructed from acrylic or plastic and provides handling flexibility and physical protection for the fiber.

Optic fibers make use of an optical phenomenon known as internal reflection. When light is introduced into the fiber from its one end, it’s contained within the core, not leaking out and losing energy.

Then, light is digitally modulated to show the numbers 1 and 0 like a computer, and data can be transmitted from one site to another site which may be from San Francisco all the way to New York.

What are fiber optic connectors and what do they do?

Now you understand the way optical fibers function. What is a fiber optic connector and what’s the purpose of the fiber optic telecommunications network?

Put it simple A fiber optic connector’s purpose is similar to an electric power supply that relies on light to transmit from one segment that is optical to a different section of optical fiber.

Since optical fibers are tiny, fiber optic connectors have to be made with high precision, with a size to 0.1um that is just one centimeter of a human hair.

Fiber optic connectors align two fibers end to end to ensure that light is able to move from one fiber to another without bounce off the interface and loss its signal.

In addition fiber optic connectors, they provide cross connect flexibility for the telecommunications network. Thus, a complex computer network could be made modular and manageable.

Similar to other connectors used in electronic industry, electric industry, and the computer industry, a variety of kinds and types of connectors for fiber optics were developed during the evolution of the fiber optic communications. Some of them once were highly popular in the market and now have served their purposes and are fading away.

The most widely used fiber optic connectors used nowadays are SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA as well as a few other less popular ones. Sure you will see new connectors developed with the development of the industry.