Optic fiber is a thin, cylindrical fiber made of glass or plastic, that is as small as one tenth of the human hair. A standard telecom optical fiber is made up of three layers of cylindrical shape, arranged inside out: fiber core (diameter 810um), cladding (diameter 125um) and buffer coating (diameter 90um).
The fiber core and cladding are made of glass or silica. The fiber core and the cladding layers combine to contain the light within the core, without losing. Fiber buffer coating is made from acrylic or plastic and provides handling flexibility and physical protection to the fiber.
Optic fibers make use of an optical phenomenon known as total internal reflection. When light is injected into the fiber from the end, it becomes confined inside the core without leaking outside and losing energy.
Then light is digitally modulated to indicate 1 and 0 , just as a computer. As such, information can be carried from one place to another site which may be from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What is a fiber optic connector and how do they function?
Now you know how optical fibers operate. What is the fiber optic connector? And what is its purpose in the fiber optic network of telecommunications?
In simple terms The fiber optic connector’s job is similar to that of an electric power plug It connects light from one part of optical fiber to another section of optical fiber.
Because optical fibers are tiny that fiber optic connectors need to be constructed with high precision, and at a scale that is 0.1um that is just one centimeter of a human hair.
Fiber optic connectors connect two fibers end to end in a way that light can be transferred from one fiber to another without bounce off the interface , and thus losing its signal.
Additionally the fact that fiber optic connectors offer cross connect flexibility for the telecommunications network. Therefore, a computer network that is complex could be made modular and manageable.
Like other connectors that are used in electronic industry, electric industry, or computer industry, numerous kinds connected to fiber optic cables were developed in the course of development of the fiber optic communication industry. Some of them once were extremely popular in the field and now have served their purpose and are fading away.
The most widely used fiber optic connectors used nowadays include SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA and Freemind.today/i18n/setlang/?language_code=en&next=https://sitesar.cf/site-653.html a few lesser-known ones. Sure you will see new connectors invented with the advancement of technology.